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Wokingham Safeguarding Children Board

Information for Children and Young People >> What is abuse?


What is abuse?


Abuse (sometimes known as 'significant harm') is about being mistreated, harmed or abused in some way. Abuse can happen in a number of different ways and is defined in guidance as physical, emotional, neglect or sexual abuse.


Different types of abuse are described below:


http://wokinghamlscb.org.uk/Contents/Images/PhysicalAbuse_ICON.jpgPhysical Abuse
When an adult deliberately hurts a child, such as hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning, drowning or suffocating.
 

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Emotional Abuse
This would happen, for instance, when a child is all the time being unfairly blamed for everything, or told they are stupid and made to feel unhappy.
 
http://wokinghamlscb.org.uk/Contents/Images/Neglect_ICON.jpg
Neglect
Where a child or young person is not being looked after properly, for example, not getting enough to eat or being left alone in dangerous situations.
 
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Sexual Abuse
An example of sexual abuse would be where a child has been forced to take part in sexual activities or in the taking of rude photos.
 
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Bullying
E.g. calling names, damaging property, stealing, spreading rumours, cyber-bullying, hurting, getting people into trouble. See the young person’s page on bullying here
 
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Domestic Abuse
When one adult in a family or relationship threatens, bullies or hurts another member of the family e.g. physically, psychologically, emotionally, sexually or financially. See the young person's page on domestic abuse here.